History of rubber trees in Vietnam

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The rubber tree has the scientific name of Havea Brasiliensis. Rubber originated from wild tropical forest, with double leaves, growing into clusters, trees over 30m high. Trees in the family tree, broad foliage originated in Latin America.

In 1743, two French navies, Fresnau F. and De la Condamine C, saw a strange species, living in the southern part of the Amazone River. They found the Maina Aborigines here often used white latex, the flexibility and elasticity is very high. This kind of pus is taken from the body of the tree to make plastic traps birds and molded into everyday items such as cups, pots, toys, statues to worship …

Mr. Fresnau F. and De la Condamine C first saw the strange tree and its practical value to Aboriginal people. So draw this tree with full details of flowers, leaves, fruits, seeds … and send to France to introduce to the Academy of Sciences. These are the first images and knowledge about rubber trees.

Rubber trees, forest tree saplings, Rubber, Method of cultivation of rubber trees, Models of rubber trees
Method of growing rubber trees.
Thanks to the useful information of these two customs officers, the rubber trees were planted in various experiments. There are black colonies, yellow skin. At this time the whites knew how to make waterproof suits from rubber latex.

The rubber tree was actually more noticeable in 1846. When Charles Goodyear and Thomas Hancook discovered the method of vulcanized rubber. This invention has put latex into formal service for indispensable human needs. Starting from shirts, pants, shoes, sandals … Until the mid-nineteenth century, rubber took off with the bike and the car.

Since then, seeing the great economic benefits of rubber trees, many capitalist countries such as Britain, France, the US … has expanded the model of planting rubber in the colonies to exploit thoroughly the source. land resources, climate, people.

Rubber trees, forest tree saplings, Rubber, Method of cultivation of rubber trees, Models of rubber trees
The origin of the rubber tree.
Vietnam was one of the French colonies. Therefore, it is inevitable that many Vietnamese people have to work hard in the French rubber farms. Therefore, the Vietnamese people at that time often propagated the saying: “It’s easy to go away for plating rubber without going back, Gone from young and back when become to exhausted”

Latex trees only grow in the Amazon rainforest. Nearly 10 centuries ago, Mainas native people learned that the plastics used to impregnate them in wet clothes, and create balloons for fun in the summer. They call this resin Caouchouk, according to the Mainas dialect meaning “Tears of the tree” (high is wood. Uchouk is the discharge or cry).

As demand increased and the invention of curing technology in 1839 led to a boom in the region, the cities of Manaus (State of Amazonas) and Belém (state of Pará) in Brazil became enriched.

The first trial of rubber plantation outside of Brazil took place in 1873. After some effort, 12 seeds were sprouted at the Kew Gardens. These young trees were sent to India for planting, but they were dead. A second attempt was made, about 70,000 seeds were sent to Kew in 1875. Approximately 4% of the seeds had sprouted, and in 1876 about 2,000 seedlings were sent in Ward boxes to Ceylon, and 22 were sent to botanical gardens in Singapore. Having established its presence outside its native region, the rubber tree was widely propagated in the British colonies. The rubber trees were present at the botanical gardens in Buitenzorg, Malaysia in 1883 [1]. In 1898, a rubber plantation was established in Malaya, and today most rubber plantations are located in Southeast Asia and some in tropical Africa. Its efforts to plant rubber trees in South America are not so good.